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R Programming is an open-source programming language and analytical tool used by Data Scientists, Data Miners, Software Programmers, Statistics to facilitate the performance of statistical operations. R programming is one of the most popular languages used for Data Analytics.

In the recent ranking on the popularity of programming languages for March 2020 by TIOBE, R is one of the top programming languages in terms of popularity. R is used in many sectors of the industries such as, 

  • Finance
  • Banking
  • Healthcare
  • Healthcare
  • Social Media
  • E-Commerce
  • Manufacturing

 

As mentioned before, R is an open-source programming language and can be obtained for free from the website: www.r-project.org and the packages available for free are called CRAN.

Command lines are to be followed and executed by the user in a prompt. 

The R project was developed by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman and released in 1992, its first version in 1995 and a stable beta version in the year 2000.

The final release of the recent version of R-Programming, R version 4.0.0 (Arbor Day) prerelease versions is  expected on 04.24.2020

 

What are the features of R-Programming in Data Science? 

The features of R-Programming are:

  • R is a comprehensive programming language and considered as a primary language for Data Science and it provides support for object-oriented programming with generic functions for developing web applications.
  • In order to facilitate programming with functions, there are more than 10,000 packages in the repository of R programming to help in different fields that deal with data. 
  • R is an interpreter based language and makes the development of code easier. 
  • R produces portable and machine-independent code that facilitates easy debugging of errors in the code.
  • R language helps in complex operations with vectors, arrays, data frames as well as other data objects that have varying sizes. 
  • R can be integrated with other technologies such as Hadoop and programming languages like C, C++, Python, Java, FORTRAN, and JavaScript.
  • R packages can be installed and used on any OS in any software environment.

How to perform data analysis through R programming?

The following steps are to be followed to perform data analysis through R programming: 

  • Import
  • Transform
  • Visualize
  • Model
  • Communicate 

Import: The first step is to import data stored in files, databases, HTML tables to the R environment. To perform data analysis it is required to convert or import all the stored data into R data. 

Transform: The data collected is transformed into tabular form. The columns of the table are made variable by keeping rows for an observation. 

Visualize: In this step, the graphical representation of the data is used to make the data more understandable. The graphical representation of the data helps in recognizing the pattern and allows to convey the information quickly.

Model: Models are created as a complementary tool for visualization. These models are used to answer the question related to the observations. The models are computational tools. 

Communicate: In this step, the results obtained from visualization and models are communicated to others. It enables the user to produce well-designed print- quality plots for sharing.

What are the advantages of R programming? 

The various advantages of the R programming language  are:

Advantages of R- Programming

Open-source

R is an open-source programming language. The user can even customize the packages, resolve the issues or generate a new package

Support for Data Wrangling

R program holds the capability of transforming any data into structured data. The packages like dplyr, readr can support Data Wrangling. Data wrangling helps the user to easily scale the process of large volume of data.

Array of Packages

There are more than 10,000 packages in the CRAN repository and it is constantly growing. The packages are available for all the industries. 

Quality Plotting and Graphing

R facilitates quality plotting and graphing. The popular libraries like ggplot2 and plotly provides visually appealing graphs

Highly compatible 

R is highly compatible and can be integrated with many other programming languages like C, C++, Java, and Python. It can also be integrated with technologies like Hadoop and various other database management systems.

Platform-Independent language

R is a platform-independent language. R is a cross-platform programming language and can be used on Windows, Linux, and Mac.

High-quality reports

The reports can be created embedded with data, plots and R scripts easily using packages life shiny and markdown. Interactive web apps can be created to customize the report according to the requirement. 

Machine Learning Operations

R programming enables machine learning operations like classification, regression and also provides features for developing artificial neural networks.

Statistics

R is known as the lingua franca of statistics. It is mainly used to create statistical tools.

Continuously evolving language

R is a constantly evolving programming language. R has a strong user base and will continue to grow in the future. 

What are the job opportunities for R Programmers? 

R is a constantly evolving language and there is a huge demand for certified R programmers all over the world. It is one of the most popular programming languages used by Data Scientists. 

According to KDnuggets

There are about 50,000 R programmers in the world. The US has over 25% of all R programmers. The second position is India, with about 4000 to 6000 R Programmers (the US has twice this number or a bit more). Canada has over 1000 R Programmers.

R programming is not only used in the IT sector. There are many industries using R programming to transform the problems into solutions. The industries in which the R programming is in demand are:

Demand for R industry wise

R programming is one of the most used languages among data scientists.  It is used for  statistical inference, data analysis, and Machine Learning. 

According to a survey conducted by  KCnuggets,

Almost 60 % of 7955 respondents prefer R Programming language. 

Demand for R

According to Payscale.com  average annual salary is drawn by a certified R programmer is:

Average annual salary

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